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Color types and terms to know

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Color types

Primary. Colors that are pure; they cannot be made by mixing other colors together.

Secondary. Colors achieved by mixing two primary colors together.

Tertiary. Colors achieved by mixing a primary color with a secondary color.

Complementary. Colors located across from each other on a color wheel.

Analogous. Colors located adjacent to each other on a color wheel.

Color terms

Hue. The name of a color, does not include white or black.

Tint. A color (hue) mixed with white.

Shade. A color (hue) mixed with black.

Tone. A color (hue) mixed with gray.

Value. The lightness or brightness of a color.

Chroma. The intensity or saturation of a hue.

Marti Naughton is the art director at the Industrial Fabrics Association International.

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